Contract Laboratory has received the following incoming Laboratory Test Requests which need to be fulfilled! These Laboratory Test Requests are received from a variety of sources ranging from start-up companies to large, multinational Fortune 500 corporations, international organizations, well-respected universities and government agencies that are actively seeking Independent, Third-Party Engineering Laboratories to perform their Engineering Testing, Analysis, Assays, Product Development, Scientific Research Experiments, Inspections, Certifications, and Engineering Projects. If you are a Engineering laboratory that would like more information on these Engineering projects, please visit Register Laboratories or call toll free 1-855-377-6821.
Analytical chemistry laboratory needed for reverse engineering and formulation of a product chemical solution: 1. What is in the solution (I know canola oil is in it but not sure what else) 2. Ratios of all the components so I can mix it myself 3. Currently the product is eco-friendly and made to biodegrade after 30 days, I want to make it last years while still being as environmentally friendly as possible (find an additive that will do this and how much to add in the solution to make it work) 4. How I can make it myself (ex: temperatures it needs be at and how long to mix for)
India Analytical Chemistry Laboratory needed for Reverse engineering and formulations of sugar wax from list of ingredients but not the quantity of each ingredients.. The composition of each ingredients in the sample, formula of the sample and ways to improve
Industrial Engineering firm needs performance laboratory accelerated aging process and adhesive strength study testing. The two products bonded together are fabric backed sandpaper and a plastic, 1/2 diameter cylinder. We are testing several different adhesives and need to determine which will perform best after 2 to 3 years of service in an industrial environment (40 - 150 degrees F).
Food Laboratory needed to assist engineering company on project to determine the purity of a Parmesan Shredded cheese product. We are looking to determine the percentage of non-Parmesan cheese constituents in the product. These may include Cellulose, other fiber based materials, as well as other cheese species.
India engineering services company needs microscopy laboratory for TEM Analysis for ASBESTOS DETECTION.
Large engineering company needs middle eastern laboratories that can determine the effectiveness of proposed asphaltene inhibitor chemicals at specified operating conditions using well samples and other well chemicals
Design and Engineering company needed laboratory for sandwich panel testing:
1) Test Sample :- Aluminum Honeycomb Sandwicu Panel 2) Material :- 1) Aluminum Sheet 2) Honeycomb Core (Alu) 3) Adhesive Glue 3) Test Parameter :- 1) AGING (Specification -ISO 9142 - D3 - 21 CICLI) 2) SHEAR STRENGHT (L-direction) (Spec-DIN 53294) 3) SHEAR MODULE (L-direction) 4) SHEAR STRENGHT (W-direction) 5)SHEAR MODULE (W-direction)
India engineering company needs textile laboratory for shrinkage test of fabric base laminated sheet,grade F-2,
Large Engineering Laboratory needed to test for copper and peracetic acid content in vodka product. Please provide the cost for each test
URGENT Automotive Laboratory needed to Evaluate automotive products as per Toyota standard.These tests are Characteristics Test, Heat Resistance Test, Water Resistance test, Strength test...etc.Please specify if your laboratory has th facilities to conduct tests as per Toyota Engineering Std? Please let me know your feedback ASAP .
Analytical Chemistry Laboratory needed for Product deformulation/reverse engineering of a injectable vitamin cocktail with main ingredients consisting of Vitamin C and Pyruvic acid. Complete product deformulation consisting of active and inactive ingredients, as well as ingredient measurement, volume.
Skincare company needs Cosmetics analytical chemistry laboratory for reverse engineering of healing/moisturizing cream
USA veterinary medicine laboratory needed for canine serum testing for the breakdown of interferon, interlude in, ect in several blood serum samples from few different K-9 donor dogs. To see what each sample has in regards to the immune system associated functions.Reverse engineering in what each blood serum sample constitute of.
Large Engineering Company needs EPA ENvironmental Laboratory for EPA testing on water obtained from groundwater well installation in Saudi Arabia
Cosmetics analytical chemistry laboratory needed for reverse engineering cosmetic eye cream to find out exactly what they have used and exactly what quantity of each ingredient they have used. Is this possible? If so, kindly advise on 1. Cost 2. Turn around time 3. Any other information that I may find helpful Thank you
USA 3rd party Laboratory (FDA approved/recognized) needed for slimming tea testing for certificate of ingredients of our tea product. We can provide a list of the ingredients and then the lab can try to match the list, or the lab can just do the reverse engineering with the samples we provide.
Cosmetics Analytical Chemistry Laboratory needed for reverse engineering of anti-aging soap and cream
University Engineering Research Scientist needs India physical laboratory for steel testing to EN Standards: fracture toughness (K1C) for En19,En24 and En25 steels.
Large engineering company needs Environmental Microbiology Laboratory for bioremediation testing: microbial testing of hydrocarbon impacted soils using bioremediation. We would like to test the microbial population in hydrocarbon impacted soils to discover what kind(s) of microbes are currently present on site and what materials each microbe prefers and how effective the microbes are. Additionally, we would like to test the soil as it is received, after adding nutrients to enhance remediation and after remediation is complete. Looking for information regarding costs of analysis and general explanations of procedures.
USA Cosmetics Analytical Chemistry Laboratory needed for formulation testing / reverse engineering of a cellular skin care formulation
Cosmetics Laboratory needed for Enhanced Reverse Engineering / deformulation testing of nailpolish samples of nail polish we wish to enhance into a higher-quality product.
Analytical Chemistry Laboratory needed for deformulation reverse engineering of a formulated salt."
Asia Cosmetics Laboratory needed for Deformulation / Reverse Engineering of skincare products formula of a certain product its a skin care oil-based formula, made primarily of virgin coconut oil, moringa extract, and caprylic capric triglyceride (around 90%) plus essential oils.
Its a facial oil (for 3 skin types), body oil (for women and babies), soap (for women and babies), and a massage oil.
Also, how many of the reference sample will you need? Do you also need the raw materials? If yes, how many of each?
What is the project timetable also?
FOOD INGREDIENT MANUFACTURER NEEDS CANADA FOOD LABORATORY FOR DEFORMULATION / REVERSE ENGINEERING TESTING OF PERCENTAGE OF EACH INGREDIENT IN SPICE SEASONING (ZAHTAR).
AASHTO certifications. Engineering firm needs validation testing of a camera mount that will be use to read car plates on a highway gantry.
Large engineering firm needs Middle East Laboratory for Acoustics Testing for GRP (Glass Reinforced Gypsum) panels will be used on the project. These panels must be fulfilled NRC=0.9 requirement.
Samples are available for testing. Drawing might be shared if it's required.
India FDA GMP analytical chemistry laboratory needed for deformulation / reverse engineering to estimate the PEG 300, PEG 400 and PEG 1450 in the mixture of PEGS
Marine Engineering company needs Egypt geotechnical laboratory for ASTM Testing: ASTM-BS soil and rock testing
Asia polymer laboratory needed for reverse engineering of polymer material for material identification and reproduction
ME Engineering Researcher needs India Mechanical Laboratory Fatigue test in composite rectangular plate ASTM D3479. fatigue life of GFRP composite laminates. But here, the testing facilities are rare. So i need to conduct fatigue test in rectangular specimen. I have prepared standard ASTM 3479 specimen
Russia Mechanical Laboratory needed for ASTM Testing: Tensile strength for fiber-reinforced polymer bars to possibility using this product in construction Engineering. Number of samples -5.
Chemical Engineering University Researcher needs Canada food laboratory for lycopene testing for the lycopene concentration from different fruits, vegetables and various tomato products with the HPLC system and the DR5000 spectrophotometer. My goal is to find the concentration using both methods, compare both results and then compare them to published results.
Large engineering firm needs physical chemistry laboratory for Particle size distribution testing of particulate samples collected on 3" glass or quartz filter media from flue gas stream. Estimate 6 to 8 samples. Particle size for 3 or 4 samples approx. 0.2um to 50 um; for other 3 or 4 samples approx. 0.2 um to 10 um. Required price per sample and time for analysis.
Analytical Chemistry Laboratory needed for reverse engineering / deformulation testing of canker sore medication
Marine engineering laboratory needed for black beach sands physical and chemical testing in order to evaluate and determine the feasibility to install a processing industrial plant to separate and recover important elements contained in the raw material. Scope of Work The following is an outline of the tasks necessary to accomplish the objective mentioned above. Proposer may elaborate or suggest other determinations that can help DRG to elaborate the feasibility study. 1. Chemical analysis to determine a) Ilmenita (FeTiO3). b) Hematita (Fe2O3) c) Magnetite (Fe3O4) d) Rutile (TiO2) e) Gangue f) Others 2. Electronic Microscopic analysis; 3. Grain size distribution; 4. Grain Size distribution by density; 5. Mineralogical analyses; 6. Separation tests: a) Magnetic b) Gravimetric c) Flotation Looking forward to hear from you
Beautycare manufacturer needs US and EU approved analytical chemistry and consumer safety laboratory needed for reverse engineering, chemistry and consumer safety testing of an Argan Oil based shampoo formula from a well-established brand. The product needs to meet all safety and quality requirements in the USA & EU
We will require 1-5 samples of the finished product, for quality testing. We will also appreciate if the company can provide full packaging for the product.
University Researcher needs India geology laboratory for geology engineering project.
University engineering team needs analytical chemistry testing of water samples from a water treatment process. We have finished testing of samples containing known concentrations of Sucralose and Acesulfame Potassium (artificial sweeteners) and are looking to analyze them for concentrations remaining. All samples are prepared and ready for shipment.HPLC and Mass Spec appear to be the accepted methods for analyzing these types of samples.
Canada Analytical Chemistry Laboratory needed for hair wax deformulation / reverse engineering testing.
India analytical chemistry laboratory needed for distillate testing of distillate made as output(fuel) from plastic. address: Mahatma Gandhi University College of Engineering, Thodupuzha, Idukki, Kerala, India.
Northeast USA engineering laboratory needed for SAE Testing to Marine SAE J1171, External Ignition Protection of Marine Electrical Devices. for brushless alternator Alternators that are being installed on inboard gasoline engines must be certified to meet Coast Guard requirements for ignition protection. In order for the alternator to be certified, it must pass the testing procedure, Marine SAE J1171, laid-out by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). Brushes inside the alternator cause some sparking when the alternator is charging. This is normal for any alternator.
Analytical Chemistry Laboratory needed for deformulation testing / reverse engineering testing cosmetic hair care products. This project will consist of breaking down product formulations both identifying and quantifying the ingredients/raw materials used in the creation of the product.
US agriculture and microbiology laboratory needed for crop study using sedimentary pea gravel to grow crops from seed to harvest without any fertilizer nor soil. I need to be able to conduct these 23 test on a period basis. I didn't see food nutrition testing, but I imagine you can do that as well. Can you also study the composition of rock to determine its DNA. We want to know the varying composition of sedimentary pea gravel and what is contained within it that enables it to sustain plant production. See list below.1. Agriculture Raw Material Quality Control (QC) Testing 2. Plant Analysis Testing 3. Plant Tissue Analysis Testing 4. Agriculture Genetic Engineering 5. Composition Analysis Testing 6. Biological Activity Testing 7. Plant Biotechnology Risk Assessments 8. Total Nitrogen (TKN) Testing 9. Total Nitrogen (Combustion) Testing
Consumer Products Analytical Chemistry Laboratory needed for chemical testing: deformulation (i.e., chemical analysis or reverse engineering) of two consumer products. The first is a natural wood treatment and the second is a drain cleaner. We believe the formulations are fairly basic, but can send samples upon request.
Southern California Plastics Laboratory needed for random third party testing: quality control testing of our production line for: tensile, impact, heat distortion, moisture, etc. for engineering resin
Food Manufacturer needs Food Laboratory for barbeque sauce testing: Reverse engineering of a barbeque sauce
USA Analytical chemistry sensory laboratory needd for reverse engineering of a human biologic scent and felt that we have to analyze the sample, reverse engineer it to come up with an equivalent scent with or without the enzymes, proteins, etc... that are likely present
USA Nanaotechnology Laboratory needed for nanoparticle testing. First project is for nanoparticles' surface functionalization. We need to find a solution to disperse metallic inorganic nanoparticles (chalcogenide nanoparticles: 50-180nm) in the industrial oils (synthetic and mineral) and prevent nanoparticles settling.
The other project is in the field of a petroleum engineering, particularly we are working on enhancing drilling fluid tribological properties (wear resistance and coefficient of friction). We are working on incorporating nanoparticles to drilling fluids and drilling fluid additives to increase wear resistance of the wellbore and drillstring. So far we've got very good results on a regular 4 ball tester, however we would like to run specific test (probably block on ring or pin on disk) that is used for drilling fluids
Physical Laboratory needed for solar panel testing for strength of the our racking system against wind and snow load. Tensile test for racking system (including end clips, mid clips , nuts and bolts) is a good idea to prove strength of the system against wind and snow load. If it is possible, can you give me an information about Load Bearing test: 1) Qualifications and Certificates 2) Quote 3) Lead time 4) Test report 5) Option: Engineering Sign-off Our material setup is as follows: Unistrut : P5500 Bolt: 5/16-18 X 2 SOCKET CAP SCREW 18-8SS 31C200KCSS (See Catalog) Spring Nut: 5/16-18 TOP SPRING NUT 3/8? THICK ?ZINC TSN031 (See Catalog) Clamp - 46mm mid and end clamp (see Schletter Brochure and PO and ignore red boxes)
US Construction Engineering Laboratory needed for salvage structural stell testing of World Trade Center salvage. We would like to know what melted the structural. Nanothermite are what
US Food Laboratory needed for deformulation testing, reverse engineering food nut flavoring mix and are looking for a firm to reverse engineer this mix into a flavoring recipe. Can you do this work for us?
Israel analytical chemistry laboratory needed for reverse engineering, deformulation testing for medical devices (denture cleaner powder)
Food Laboratory for Component study testing of Fruit juice. Reverse Engineering of Fruit Juice.
USA analytical chemistry laboratory needed for deforumulation testing or reverse engineering of oil based airfreshners 12 to 15 different kinds"
University Engineering Research and Development Laboratory needs geophysical laboratory for Cerchar Abrasivity Index test on 8 samples.Laboratory needed for this tests.
Construction, Engineering, Geology Laboratory needed for geotech survey for a proposed factory site in Dammam, KSA.
Analytical Chemistry , Cosmetics Laboratory needed reverse engineering of skin care product.
India analytical chemistry laboratory needed for Polyoxyl 20 cetosteryl ether testing in a semi solid formulation by reverece engineering
Analytical Chemistry Laboratory needed for reverse engineering testing a candle formula
Canada analytical chemistry laboratory needed for Deformulation testing (reverse engineering) of topical semi-solid preparation. Need qualitative/quantitative measures for presence and concentrations of total protein, lipids, and carbohydrate, specific enzymes, vitamins, etc.
US Analytical Chemistry Laboratory needed for Competitive brand analysis (reverse engineering) to determine ingredients of liquid material used to clean automotive parts. Please respond via email. Will not respond to you until 1/5/2012.
FDA GLP Analytical Chemistry Laboratory needed for GLP reverse engineering testing of Mineral oil in white petrolatum. This white petrolatum is a mixture of Mineral oil and microcrystalline wax. From white petrolatum we want to estimate the Mineral oil content or Microcrystalline wax. Kindly find attached articles for reference purpose. Or if any other CRO who has their own method of analysis which can estimate mineral oil in white petrolatum or Microcrystalline wax in white petrolatum or any other suitable method for estimation of both the ingredients that also Ok.
Kindly give us feedback on urgent basis. No. of sample 10
UK cosmetics analytical chemistry laboratory needed for deformulation testing / reverse engineering to to break down the ingredients to a formula
Saudi Arabia construction and building, engineering laboratory needed for vibration test of a building in which Air Conditioning Equipments are operating
Large engineering firm needs Canada metallurgical laboratory for metalurgicalde-pyritization of tailings samples (2 samples)
India analytical chemistry laboratory needed for Deformulation (reverse engineering) services required for several neutraceutical products (including health and protein shakes)
UKAS Europe transportation or civil engineering laboratory needed for BAM Lighting and safety elements for roads Photometric characteristics of road studs - Warning lights at working sites - photometric testing of traffic lights
China Food analytical chemistry laboratory needed for reverse engineering testing of energy drink (aluminum can packaged)
West Coast USA analytical chemistry laboratory needed for chemical engineering for development of green liquid fire block gel"
Plastics and Polymer Laboratory needed for Nissan Engineering Standard MO135 Weatherability and light resistance test methods for synthetic resin parts. We want to test the zippers we manufacture
Materials laboratory needed for reverse engineering to deformulate a PU film to know all each components and how was it treated. We will have 2 samples
ISO Mechanical Laboratory needed for engineering performance testing (Hot air impulse testing) for hose
India Analytical Chemistry Laboratory needed for one injection sample testing for reverse engineering to know the concentration/quantity of the ingredients in the pharmaceutical formulation.
Analytical Chemistry Laboratory needed for GC-MS testing, perfume product development for perfume research, product development, reverse engineering and to develop equivalent products.
Southeast Africa Soil Engineering Laboratory needed for testing: (a) DCP (b) Test pits, maximum depth 1.5m (c) CBR testing (d) Soil indicators (e) UCS testing (f) ITS testing (g) Wet and dry durability test (h) Erosion test
Pennsylvania Analytical Chemistry laboratory needed for reverse engineering testing on a product we are presently selling so that we can replicate it here in the US. I need these services right away. Please provide me with a quote and the timeline for completing such services. "
CANADA PLANT GENETIC ENGINEERING LABORATORY NEEDED FOR CONSTRUCTION OF A GENE FROM GENBANK AND TRANSFECTING THIS GENE INTO TURF GRASS (PREFERABLY VIA AGROBACTERIUM), GROWING TRANSGENIC GRASS TO MATURITY AND POSSIBLY EXPAND ITS POPULATION VIA CLONING
Toronto Analytical Chemistry Food Laboratory needed for reverse engineering, formulation testing of salad dressing for components and breakdown of ingredients
Analytical Chemistry Laboratory needed for reverse engineering testing to obtain separation, identification, and quantification of the chemical components/ breakdown of a material in a sample
Analytical Chemistry Laboratory needed for reverse engineering of skin care products.
Analytical Chemistry Food Laboratory needed for deformulation testing, reverse engineering of a simple calcium/magnesium product.
Pharmaceutical Laboratory needs analytical chemistry laboratory to deformulate a fungicide formulation (Reverse Engineering)?""
Food analytical chemistry laboratory needed for reverse engineering testing dairy blended powder need help sourcing and recreating blend
Robotics Engineering Company needs Contract Laboratory for 2 and 4 stage TGA / Fusion lab testing. (minerals)
Analytical Chemistry Laboratory needed for reverse engineering, deformulation of soap.
Food Laboratory needed for analysis of ingredient and component used in a meat sauce through reverse engineering. Would need report describing each component used and % of each.
FAA Laboratory required to perform a complete testing of a gaseous oxygen sample , per the requirements of the US DoD specification MIL-PRF-27210G Type I - ( A.B.O. ), which attends to FAA (Federal Aviation Agency). We are an MRO in Brazil. We work under the name TAP Maintenance & Engineering and we repair narrow and wide body aircrafts.
(Aerospace Fuels Laboratory, OL SA-Alc/SFTLH - Bldg 54800, 15251 Scbub Jay Street, Cape Canaveral, AFS, FL 32920.)
USA analytical chemistry laboratory needed for agrochemical formulation development testing & reverse engineering studies for pesticide & adjuvant formulations.
India Engineering Laboratory to do hydogen permeability test (LAWRENCE TESTER OR BOEING GAGE TEST) in cadmium plating solution.
California ASTM D5865 - 07a(modified) Materials Testing Laboratory needed for BTU Testing. HDR Engineering is working with a solid waste authority that is looking at new ways to manage solid waste. They are sending garbage through an autoclave then sorting the post-autoclaved material by size. The fines and mediums are primarily composed of food waste and cellulose. We are investigating ways to utilize the fines and mediums either by converting the material to ethanol, sending it though an anaerobic digestion system to create methane, gasifiying then creating electricity, or incinerating to create electricity. To help inform the decision about how to utilize the fines & mediums we would like to determine the BTU content of the materials using a calorific bomb test.
India Environmental Laboratory needed for explosive decompression test for orings used in offshore applications.
Swaziland Environmental Engineering Laboratory needed for testing of soil for plastic limit, liquid limit, plasticity index.
Europe Analytical Chemistry Laboratory needed for GLP Agrochemical Product deformulation, reverse engineering, of specimen formulations.
India Physical Engineering Laboratory needed for performance testing in supersonic wind tunnel and nozzle performance test unit...
Canada Physical Engineering Laboratory needed for examination of some rebars that are left in site for 1.5 years corroded , we need Min 4 samples should be tested: 1.Measure cross section area, perimeter , weight per meter of bars 2. Tensile test to determine yielding and fuilure stresses of bars
Agriculture genetics engineering laboratory needed for genetically modified plant development in Arundo donax
American lab with analytical chemistry capabilities for reverse engineering of a lip balm to determine an unknown substance.
US electrical lab needed for ANSI Pre Cert engineering evaluation testing of a Watthour Meter to ANSI C12.20 Test 17 (Effects of High Voltage Line Surges), 25 (Electrical Fast Transient/Burst Test), and 27 (RF Conducted and Radiated Emissions).
Physical laboratory needed to do triaxial test for sintered ceramic materials Confining pressure 400MPa Loading axis until failure (around 2GPa)
Iratxe Mijangos Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering Trinity College Dublin Ireland
Analytical Chemistry laboratory needed for analysis of components of known ingredients of supplied finished product - reverse formulation engineering.
Analytical Chemistry Laboratory needed for deformulation testing (reverse engineering) of Herbal Supplement from Ingredient list and samples. Need exact formula from standard herbal ingredients.
Materials engineering testing laboratory required to provide fastener engineering test for torque angle failure. Results are to be recorded using a torque transducer and transient recording analyzer.
Analytical Chemistry needed for to reverse engineering of a polyol resin blend (formula) that is used as the resin side to a 2 component polyurethane low density rigid foam. When mixed with liquid polymeric MDI, it forms a rigid foam. I have a quart liquid sample of the resin blend.I need to know what resins, surfactants, and catalysts are in the blend, and approximate concentrations.
Agriculture laboratory needed for Plant Analysis Testing, Soil Testing, Soil Fertility Testing, Plant Tissue Analysis Testing, Agriculture Genetic Engineering, Genetically Modified Seed Testing, Agronomy Testing, Seed Quality Testing , Chlorophyll Testing, RAPD (random amplified polymorphic DNA) analysis Testing, Vigor Testing, GMO(Genetically Modified) Testing
Materials laboratory neeed for reverse engineering testing of finished goods made of polypropylene co-polymer, need to reverse engineer the resin
Automotive engineering consulting company needs mechanical laboratory for ECE standard full vehicle crash testing in Japan, South Korea, and Europe.
EMEA / FDA GLP Product Safety Laboratory needed for safety related tests for a tissue engineering product.
Asia Mechanical lab needed for CES Fatigue strength testing for fasteners as per CUMMINS Engineering standard CES 14250 and CES 14338
Contract laboratory needed to perform engineering applications research to determine aqueous solubility of bis-2-chloroethyl ether (BCEE) as a function of temperature. Project will include developing work and safety plans; design and fabrication of apparatus; performing lab work; and writing report. Experimental procedure likely to include the following steps: establish 2-phase system consisting of water and BCEE; adjust system to desired temperature and equilibrate; collect samples of aqueous phase; analyze aqueous samples for BCEE concentration. Additional work may include determining concentration of BCEE in vapor phase at each selected water temperature. This work is for support of remedial action at a contaminated landfill site in NJ.
Preclinical GLP toxicology laboratory needed for testing biological burns and chronic would dressing dressing for healing and tissue regeneration characteristics as compared to those currently available.
2. We want to test a tissue engineering scaffold's ability to populate liver cells. "
FDA GMP laboratory needed for environmental monitoring testing as per recent USP <797> Guidelines for environmental particulate count monitoring, need assessment of current product line packaging Guidelines Dynamic environment testing All identified products/packaging configurations will be tested in four pharmacy environments under routine conditions of use by a qualified pharmacist or technician. The four environments will be: Unclassified pharmacy staging area; ISO Class 8 anteroom; ISO Class 7 cleanroom and ISO Class 5 engineering control (laminar airflow workbench, biological safety cabinet or compounding aseptic isolator.
USA Engineering Lab needed for TOF-SIMS, ESCA, GC/MS, XRD and SEM/EDS to work on a 2mm square sensor. Need reply by Wed, June 13 for testing in July or August.
Reverse Engineering of the ingredients contained within a Cosmetic/Consumer Product and break the product down into the quantity, as in a percentage, of each ingredient contained within the product.
unknown protocol, however we need to determine the exact percentage of silicone in the mixture within 5% or less. Also would like to know the freshness of the sample provided within a reasonable time line if possible. The product is labeled as 60%. This is not of a legal inquest but of a Mfg. engineering issue within our printing process