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Normal Blood Values for Lab Blood Testing

*Image Credit -CDC/Dr. Errol Reiss. Double immunodiffusion in agar gel illustrating the exoantigen method
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NORMAL BLOOD VALUES FOR LAB BLOOD TESTING
Blood Chemistry - Normal Blood Values - SOURCE: US FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION'S (US FDA) INVESTIGATORS OPERATING MANUAL 2001. Normal Blood Values for Blood Typing, Blood Chemistry, Red Blood Cells Testing ( RBC ), Whole Blood Testing . Blood Testing. Electrolyte testing, Plasma Testing , Vitamin analysis, Enzyme Testing, Iron testing, Triglycerides testing, Steriod testing, Serology Testing, Coagulation Testing, Cholesterol testing

B – Whole Blood Test P – Plasma Test S – Serum Test

Constituent

Material

Mg./100 cc. (mg. %)(or as noted)

Electrolyte Tests

Calcium . . . . . . . . . . .

Chloride . . . . . . . . . . .

Chloride as NaCl . . . . . .

Magnesium . . . . . . . . .

Phosphorus:

Children . . . . . . . . . .

Adults . . . . . . . . . .

Potassium . . . . . . . . .

Sodium . . . . . . . . . . .

 

S

S

P

S

 

S

S

S

S

 

9 - 11 (4.5-5.5 mEq./l.)

350 - 390 (100-110 mEq./l.)

580 - 630 (99-106 mEq./l.)

1.8 - 3.6 (1.5-3.0 mEq./l.)

 

4 - 6.5 (2.3-3.8 mEq./l.)

3 - 4.5 (1.8-2.3 mEq./l.)

18 - 22 (3.5-5.5 mEq./l.)

310 - 340 (135-157 mEq./l.)

Enzyme Tests

Amylase . . . . . . . . . .

Cholinesterase . . . . . . .

Lipase. . . . . . . . . . . .

Phosphatase, acid . . . . .

Phosphatase, alkaline:

Children . . . . . . . . . .

Adults . . . . . . . . . . .

Transaminase

Glutamic oxalacetic (SGOT)

Pyruvic (SGPT) . . . . . . .

 

P, S

S

S

S

 

S

S

 

S

S

 

70 - 200 units (Somogyi)

0.5 - 1.5 pH units

0.2 - 1.5 units/cc. (N/20 NaOH)

0.5 - 3.5 units (King - Armstrong)

 

5 - 15 units (Bodansky)
15 - 20 units (King - Armstrong)

2 - 4.5 units (Bodansky)
4 - 13 units (King - Armstrong)

 

up to 40 units

up to 30 units

Steroid Tests

17-Hydroxycorticosteroids:

Males . . . . . . . . . . .

Females . . . . . . . . .

17-Ketosteroids . . . . . . .

 

 

P

P

P

 

 

13 ± 6 mcg./100 ml.

15 ± 6 mcg./100 ml.

60 mcg./100 ml.

Vitamin Tests

Ascorbic acid . . . . . . . .

Nicotinic acid . . . . . . . .

Riboflavin . . . . . . . . . .

Thiamine . . . . . . . . . .

Vitamin A . . . . . . . . . .

Vitamin B . . . . . . . . . .

 

P

P

B

S

S

P

 

0.4 - 1.0

0.1 - 0.3

35 - 45 mcg./100 cc.

3.5 - 4.2 mcg./100 cc.

40 - 60 mcg./100 cc.

0.8 - 1.2

Other Tests

Albumin. . . . . . . . . . .

Carbon Dioxide (combining

power) . . . . . . . . .

Carotenoids . . . . . . . . .

Cholesterol, total . . . . . .

Cholesterol, . . . . . .

Cholesterol, esterfied. . . . .

Creatine . . . . . . . . . . .

Creatinine . . . . . . . . . .

Fibrinogen . . . . . . . . . .

Globulin . . . . . . . . . . .

Glucose . . . . . . . . . . .

Glutamine . . . . . . . . . .

Iodide, Protein-bound . . . .

Iplw . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Iplw-binding capacity . . . .

Lactic acid . . . . . . . . . .

Non-protein Nitrogen . . . .

Proteins, total . . . . . . . .

Pyruvic acid. . . . . . . . .

Urea . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Urea nitrogen . . . . . . . .

Uric acid . . . . . . . . . . .

 

S

 

S

S

S

S

S

B

B

P

S

B

P, S

S

P

S

B

B,S

P,S

B

B

B,S

S

 

3.5 - 5.5 Gm./100 cc.

 

56 - 65 Vol. % (25-30 mEq./l.)

100 - 300 int. units/100 cc.

110 - 300

40 - 50

75 - 210

3 - 7

1 - 2

150 - 300

1.5 - 3.4 Gm./100 cc.

80 - 120

0 - 2

4 - 8 mcg./100 cc.

50 - 180 mcg./100 cc.

300 - 360 mcg./100 cc.

6 - 20

25 - 40

6.3 - 8.0 Gm./100 cc.

0.7 - 1.2

20 - 40

10 - 20

2 - 4

NORMAL BLOOD VALUES FOR LAB BLOOD TESTING Hematocrit Testing :      Men:   15 - 18 Gm.%        Hemoglobin Testing :  Men: 45% (38-54%)
                 Women:   12 - 16 Gm.%                          Women: 40% (36-47%)
                 Children:  12 - 15 Gm.%
                Newborn:  15.5 -24.5 Gm.%*

Blood Counts Testing >Erythrocyte Tests Men . . . . . . . . . . . .

Women. . . . . . . . . . .

Reticulocytes. . . . . . . . .

Leukocytes, total . . . . . . .

Myelocytes. . . . . . . . . .

Juvenile neutrophils. . . . .

Band neutrophils . . . . . .

Segmented neutrophils . . .

Lymphocytes . . . . . . . . .

eosinophils . . . . . . . . .

Basophiles . . . . . . . . . .

Monocytes . . . . . . . . . .

Platelets . . . . . . . . . . . .

per cu. mm.

%

 

5.0 (4.5 - 6.0) 104

4.5 (4.3 - 5.5) 104

 

5,000 - 10,000

0

0 - 100

0 - 500

2,500 - 6,000

1,000 - 4,000

50 - 300

0 - 100

200 - 800

200,000 - 500,000

   

 

0 - 1%

100%

0%

0 - 1%

0 - 5%

40 - 60%

20 - 40%

1 - 3%

0 - 1%

4 - 8%

RBC Measurements Diameters . . . . . . . . . . .

Mean Corpuscular

Volume . . . . . . . . . . . .

Mean Corpuscular Hb . . . . .

Mean Corpuscular Hb . . . . .

Conc. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Color, Saturation and Volume

Indices, each: . . . . . . . .

5.5 - 8.8 micplws (Newborn: 8.6*) 80 - 94 cu. micplws (Newborn: 106*)

27 - 32 micro-micrograms

(Newborn: 38*)

33 - 38%

1

Miscellaneous Blood Tests Bleeding time . . . . . . . . .

Circulation time, arm to tongue

(sodium dehydrocholate). . .

Clot retraction time . . . . . .

Coagulation time (venous). . .

Fragility, erythrocyte

(hemolysis) . . . . . . . . . .

Prothrombin time. . . . . . . .

Sedimentation rate:

Men. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Women . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 - 3 minutes (Duke) 2 - 4 minutes (Ivy)

9 - 16 seconds

2 - 4 hours

6 - 10 minutes (Lee & White)

10 - 30 minutes (Howell)

0.44 - 0.35% NaCl

10 - 20 seconds (Quick)

0 - 9 mm. per hour (Wintrobe)

0 - 20 mm. per hour (Wintrobe)

*Values for newborn are shown only where they may differ significantly from those of older children and adults.BLOOD VALUE SOURCE: US Food and Drug Administration US FDA INVESTIGATORS OPERATING MANUAL 2001.

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